ADDTECH | Complete guide to Ebike Motors: Front-Mounted Motor

Unlock the power of electric biking with our guide. Explore ebike front-mounted motors and how to choose the best one for your needs, for an exhilarating ride.
By Addmotor | 29 January 2024 | 0 Comments
Ebike motors, the hearts of electric bicycles that help to propel us into the future of sustainable transportation. These motors play a crucial role in converting electrical energy into mechanical power, giving ebikes the speed and strength they need. Without these motors, an e-bike simply wouldn't exist.
Ebike motors can be classified into three main types: front hub, rear hub, and mid-drive. In our series of blogs, we will explore each type of ebike motor in detail, starting with the front hub motor.
So, let’s uncover the mysteries of front-mounted motors, exploring their features, advantages, disadvantages, how they work, and why they are essential.

Front Hub Motors: An In-Depth Analysis

The front hub motor is the one that is installed on the front wheel of the ebike and typically powers the rider forward. It is connected to the battery and the controller by wires that run along the frame of the bike.
That being said, the overall setup, wiring, battery installation, and configuration of a front hub motor are relatively simpler in comparison to rear-motor e-bikes, mainly because most front-wheel e-bikes lack a gear system.
This motor type plays a crucial role in distributing the total load between the front and rear wheels. The front wheel supports the front weight, while the human weight is balanced on the back half. Additionally, the front motor system is distinctively located, separate from the other components of the bike. This separation facilitates easy servicing without interfering with the motor.

Types of Front Hub Motor

A front hub motor can be either geared or direct drive.
♦ Geared Front Hub Motor: This type of motor uses a system of internal gears to drive and turn the motor's shell. Geared hub motors are the most common type, known for being smaller, lighter, more efficient, less expensive, and better at climbing hills than direct drive motors.
♦ Direct Drive Front Hub Motor: These motors are gearless and rely on magnets to turn their shell, which is a crucial part of the motor itself. Direct drive motors are larger and heavier but are known for their quiet operation and exceptional durability. They tend to be most efficient when operating at high speeds.

Power Ratings or Wattage Options of Front Hub Motors

In every e-bike, you'll see power ratings specified in watts (W). This rating reflects the amount of electrical energy the bike's motor can convert into mechanical power. Simply put, wattage is the measurement of the power output of the motor that directly influences speed, torque, and range.
The wattage of a front hub motor depends on the voltage and current of the battery and the controller and can range from 250W to 1000W or more. Here is an overview of the different wattage options for front hub motors-
Aspect 250W 500W 750W 1000W
Suitability Casual / Recreational Intermediate / Adventurous Advanced / Extreme Expert / Extreme
Speed Up to 15 mph Up to 20 mph Up to 28 mph Up to 32 mph
Range Up to 50 miles Up to 62 miles Up to 90+ miles Up to 93 miles
Terrain Suitability Flat terrains, smooth roads Challenging terrains, heavy loads Difficult terrains, heavy loads Challenging terrains, heavy loads
♦ 250W: If you plan to commute on flat terrains and smooth roads, opting for a motor with a lower power rating, around 250W, may be suitable. However, it may struggle on steep hills or with heavy loads, and may not be very responsive or smooth.
♦ 500W: This is a more powerful and versatile wattage for e-bikes, which can offer enough power for most riders, even on challenging terrains or with heavy loads. But, it may consume more battery and reduce the range.
♦ 750W: This is the most potent, hugely used, and most popular wattage for e-bikes, which can offer more speed, torque, and range than a 500W front hub motor. A 750W front hub motor can provide ample power for any rider, even on the most difficult terrains or with the heaviest loads. It is ideal for advanced or extreme riders who want a high-performance and exciting e-bike for commuting or adventure.
♦ 1000W: This is a very high-performance but rare wattage for ebikes. It can provide enormous power for any rider, even on the most challenging terrains or with the heaviest loads. However, a 1000W front hub motor may consume a lot of battery and reduce the range drastically, and may not be legal in some countries or regions.

Advantages of Front Hub Motors

Enhances stability and handling by ensuring balanced weight distribution on the ebike.
Provides extra traction on slippery surfaces, aiding off-road riding where traction is crucial.
The motor is quiet, and it is less heavy to continue cycling when the motor is switched off than with a mid-drive motor.
Easy to install and maintain, as they do not interfere with the drivetrain or the brakes of the ebike.
They have fewer moving parts and less friction, which reduces the wear and tear of the motor.

Disadvantages of Front Hub Motors

Some riders may dislike the sensation of being "pulled" to activate the motor.
Tends to struggle on steep climbs.
Produces less power than rear-wheel counterparts, resulting in slower acceleration and lower top speeds.

Unveiling the Performance and Parameters of Front Hub Motors

Figure1: Torque/Speed curve and Power curve (, 2018)

The performance of a front hub motor can be evaluated by several key metrics, such as speed, torque, power, and throttle and pedal assist.  So, here’s what you need to know-


Speed is the rate at which the e-bike moves, measured in kilometers per hour (km/h) or miles per hour (mph). The speed of an e-bike depends on the wattage of the motor, as well as the diameter of the wheel and the gear ratio. Generally, the higher the wattage, the higher the top speed of the e-bike.


Torque is the rotational force that the motor applies to the wheel, measured in Newton meters (Nm). It determines the hub motor’s acceleration and climbing ability, as well as its responsiveness and smoothness. The torque of an e-bike depends on the wattage of the motor, as well as the type of hub motor, whether it is geared or direct drive. Generally, the higher the wattage, the higher the torque of the e-bike.


The power of an e-bike with a front hub motor is determined by its torque and speed. This combination is a comprehensive measure of the motor's capability. When choosing an e-bike, it's essential to consider the power capability by selecting a bike that strikes a balance between the torque and speed that aligns with your comfort and preferences.

Throttle and Pedal Assist

Throttle and pedal assist are the modes of operation of the motor. It allows you to control the speed of the motor by twisting a handlebar grip or pressing a button. On the other hand, the pedal-assist mode senses your pedaling effort and provides proportional assistance from the motor.

Top Front Hub Motor Manufacturers

There are many brands that offer front hub motors for ebikes, and here are the top ones-

1. Bafang:

It is one of the leading brands in the ebike motor industry and arguably the largest manufacturer of e-bike hub motors in the world. Bafang has a high reputation for its innovation, design, and customer service.
They offer roughly a handful of front hub motors, ranging from 250W to 1000W, which are well known for their reliability, durability, and power. From small startups to larger brands such as Pedego, Aventon, Addmotor, etc, uses Bafang front hub motors due to their quality and affordability.


Another well-established brand is SHENGYI which provides a diverse selection of front hub motors, catering to individuals seeking the convenience and power of a front-drive system for a seamless daily commute. Renowned for their reliability and performance, SHENGYI motors offer a reliable choice for e-bike enthusiasts.

3. DAPU:

DAPU is a Japanese-owned company that places a strong emphasis on crafting durable and powerful e-bike products with precision. While their focus is on e-bike components, they boast a diverse portfolio that includes an extensive range of nearly 20 motor models, spanning from 250W to 1000W of output, catering to various preferences and needs.

4. MXUS:

MXUS stands out in the e-bike industry by exclusively focusing on the production of front and rear hub motors. Their extensive range includes over 25 models, covering both geared and direct drive variations. Notably, MXUS offers some of the most potent hub motors, with outputs ranging from 180W to an impressive 5000W system, providing a diverse selection to cater to different performance requirements.

Best Front Hub Motor Product


The Soletri, a full-suspension electric trike by Addmotor, features a robust 750W Bafang front brushless geared hub motor and a durable 48V 20Ah Samsung battery. With a top speed of 20 mph and an impressive range of 85+ miles per charge, it's designed for efficient and extended rides.
Its full suspension system (front suspension fork with 80mm travel and rear dual suspension) ensures a smooth and comfortable ride even on uneven terrain by absorbing shocks and impacts.
Notably, this etrike for two adults comes with a step-thru bike frame that ensures easy riding, and the three-wheel design provides ample space for a rear basket behind the two riders with a payload capacity of 450 lbs, adding practicality to your trips.


The HEROTRI M-365X adult electric trike seamlessly combines vintage aesthetics with modern innovation, offering a stylish and functional ride. It features a powerful 48V 750W Front Brushless Hub Motor and a high-capacity 48V 20Ah Samsung Lithium-ion Battery, providing an estimated range of up to 85+ miles per charge.
Unlike the Soletri, this trike features a step-over frame, offering riders a comfortable and ergonomic riding position. This helps in promoting a more natural and upright posture. The versatile step-over frame caters to riders of all ages and skill levels, accommodating various riding styles and preferences.
With a robust payload capacity of 450 lbs, this trike is versatile and practical. Whether commuting or adventuring, the M-365x ensures a smooth and comfortable ride, even on bumpy roads or uneven terrains, thanks to its high-quality components.


In our exploration into the world of ebike motors, specifically the front-mounted variety, it's clear that the right choice hinges on individual preferences and needs.
From the ease of a 250W motor for casual commuting to the thrill of a 750W powerhouse for extreme adventures, each option caters to a unique set of preferences. As you embark on your electric biking journey, remember that the right front hub motor is not just about power but aligning with your riding style and terrain. Choose wisely, ride safely, and let the open road be your guide.


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